Finally, 5G technology has come true. Operators began developing fixed systems since 2018, while the mobile 5G network is already available in several cities all over the world and a much more complete implementation is expected in years to come. But there are still more questions than answers. Do people know what the 5G network is?
Additionally, 5G smartphones are being developed and launched. There is a race of service providers who offer the best service. Many believe that 5G is the technology of the future and that we will see its potential in several years, but the truth is that it is already a reality, and we have many of its advantages.
What is a 5G network
Before explaining how it works, let’s walk about what 5G is. There are many specific details that we’ll see a bit later on, but this is the basics.
5G technology will quickly subtract by replacing 4G LTE technology. What does this mean? Well, you will notice that the network connection of your phones will be significantly faster and more powerful. The speed with which two or more devices with 5G networks will be capable to communicate is impressive, and with this, many benefits come for such a communication speed.
How fast is 5G
The ITU (International Telecommunication Union, working under the UN, sets the standard for any kind of telecommunication technology. They established the research program IMT-2020 in 2012 and laid down a minimum of 5G criteria. They tabled a draft with 13 minimum requirements in 2017.
Once these requirements were established, the 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Group), a group of telecommunications organizations, designed the standards. In December 2017, it completed the non-autonomous specifications (NSA), and in June 2018 it continued with the independent ones (SA).
The standards established by 3GPP are linked to the performance goals:
Maximum data rate: 5G will offer significantly faster speeds. They can achieve 20 Gbps downstream and 10 Gbps upstream per mobile base station. It’s not the pace you’d encounter with 5G (unless you have a dedicated connection), but the one that cell users will share.
Efficiency: When in use, radio interfaces must be energy efficient and, if not, drop to a low energy mode. When no longer in use they should switch between states within 10 milliseconds.
Spectral efficiency: the data that is transmitted must be done without transmission errors. 5G allows these faults to be absent during transmission processes and is capable of reaching a 30-bit / Hz downlink and 15-bit/Hz uplink.
Connection density: The 4G LTE was constrained by the number of connected devices it could support simultaneously. With 5G this number is much higher, which will mean a huge advance for the development of IoT.
There is no doubt that transforming into 5G will change the role of technology in our lives completely, but it also has a serious purpose.
LTE support is deficient in big crowded districts. In metro cities, some users are experiencing slowdowns and poor service during the peak hours of the day.
Autonomous vehicles are expected to grow at a similar scale as 5G is being implemented in the US. Before long, all vehicles will be constantly connected and communicated with each other, transferring vital information for traffic and safety. If a car brakes fast forward, yours can immediately learn and also brake to prevent a collision.
Public safety and infrastructure
Public services may be controlled and monitored remotely by the companies that provide them. In addition, the inhabitants of an area will know when there is a power or water supply failure, be aware of maintenance works on the public highway and the closed-circuit cameras will work with better performance on the streets.
The ultra-reliable 5G Low Latency Communications Component (URLLC) will fundamentally change healthcare. Because latency in URLLC is significantly reduced compared to mobile broadband, and a million new possibilities come with 5G. In medicine, 5G will power many advancements that have been in development for years. Remote surgeries, virtual appointments, and live and direct recovery evaluations will be much more accessible in a few years.
This is one of the fields that 5G will revolve. Although we currently have sensors that can communicate with each other, they appear to be resource-intensive and rapidly deplete the ability of LTE data.